E-learning: SCORM

SCORM stands for Sharable Content Object Reference Model which represents a collection of specifications for web-based e-learning. SCORM standards are being governed and published by the Advanced Distributed Learning Initiative (ADL). The SCORM goals are to allow interoperability, accessibility and reusability of web-based learning content for academia, industry and government.


  • Accessibility
  • Adaptability
  • Affordability
  • Durability
  • Interoperability
  • Reusability
  • Wide range of 3rd party support
  • Supported by most Learning Management Systems or Virtual Learning Environments


  • Limited selection of type of activities
  • Difficult to edit and correct typos
  • Learning interactions take a long time to download
  • Learning interactions use a lot of internet bandwidth and server storage space


  • Content Aggregation Model
  • Run Time Environment
  • Sequencing and Navigation
  • Learning Management Systems (LMS)
  • Shareable Content Objects (SCOs)

Development tools

  • Trident 2.0
  • Opus Pro
  • SCORM Developer's Toolkit
  • Document Suite 2008
  • CourseLab
  • Book Builder


  • SCORM 1.0
  • SCORM 1.1
  • SCORM 1.2
  • SCORM 2004 1st Edition
  • SCORM 2004 2nd Edition
  • SCORM 2004 3rd Edition
  • SCORM 2004 4th Edition
  • SCORM 2012

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